Alison Post, Professor

Closed (1) Subnational Brazilian Everyday and Pandemic Politics

Applications for Fall 2022 are now closed for this project.

Despite historical experience and health state capacity, Brazil has struggled to address the COVID-19 pandemic. Whereas past administrations have proactively mobilized resources to combat pandemics, Bolsanaro’s administration has taken a more passive role, claiming that the negative effects of quarantine measures outweigh positive benefits. The lack of a federal response allowed state governors to decide how to handle the pandemic in their respective territories. In some cases, state governors, across different political parties, banded together to procure vaccinations for their citizens. At the municipal level, mayors have varied in their implementation of public health guidance and support for their citizens.

What explains subnational variation in the enactment of public politics aimed at addressing the pandemic? Brazil’s decentralized health system created new opportunities for citizens, bureaucrats, and politicians to engage each other. The federal government provided local health systems autonomy over their resources and management. Brazil’s decentralized system has created short- and long-term effects, not only in everyday health politics, but also in the institutional climate of medical and non-medical interventions during pandemics.

Current studies on Brazil have almost exclusively focused on state responses (see Castro et al. (2021), de Moura Villela et al. (2021), Barberia et al. (2021), Barberia et al. (2020)). Even studies who have looked at municipal responses to COVID 19 (see de Souza Santos et al. (2021)) exclusively rely on survey data and do not provide political explanations for why certain municipalities enacted all, some, or none of the possible policies against the coronavirus. The goal of the project will be to analyze, code, and create an original dataset which reflects the ongoing COVID-19 crisis in Brazil and begin introductory analysis in preparation for the research supervisor's fieldwork.

The undergraduate student(s) will be downloading, reading, and coding daily municipal publications from a randomly selected sample of Brazilian municipalities. They will be searching for key words, decrees, or policies which reflect government actions against COVID 19, including but not limited to mask mandates, school closures, limits on public transportation, and welfare policies designed to mitigate the effects of the pandemic. Students will be expected to sift through more than a year's worth of publications for about 15-20 municipalities. They will need to follow a coding scheme and think critically to include or exclude certain data points in coordination with the project supervisor.

Day-to-day supervisor for this project: Adan Steve Martinez, Ph.D. candidate

Qualifications: Required -Read and write Spanish and/or Portuguese (Portuguese preferable or efficient in using Google Translate -Create and organize datasets on Microsoft Excel -Read through large quantities of government documents -Able to identify government documents which may be pertinent to the project -Ability to communicate and coordinate in group settings with two or more undergraduate students within and outside of URAP -Organized and capable of following a coding scheme prepared by the sponsor Desirable but not essential -Ability to automate, through machine learning, the collection of data from government websites -Conduct data analysis in Excel, R, or STATA

Weekly Hours: 6-8 hrs

Closed (2) Understanding Urban Politics in Argentina and Brazil

Applications for Fall 2022 are now closed for this project.

What are the main types of concerns that citizens bring to mayors and city councilors in Latin America? What sorts of incentives do public officials have to address these concerns? And how do these dynamics vary between cities of different sizes? In this project, we will investigate local-level politics in Argentina and Brazil, paying special attention to how the texture of citizen-state relation differs with city size.

The URAP apprentice will work closely with Professor Alison Post to examine interactions between city council members, mayors, and citizens using several types of media. The URAP apprentice will systematically evaluate a variety of types of data, including facebook and youtube channels with recordings of city council meetings, and facebook and twitter posts by government officials (and citizen comments on these posts).

Day-to-day supervisor for this project: Professor Alison Post

Qualifications: The URAP apprentice should have prior experience with conducting research online, and fluency in either Spanish or Portuguese (and ideally both!). Prior political science coursework is highly desirable. The URAP apprentice should also be comfortable with excel. A command of R is desirable, but not required.

Weekly Hours: 6-8 hrs

Off-Campus Research Site: It will be possible for meetings to be held over zoom.