Lia Fernald, Professor

Closed (1) Harmonizing Data on Grandparents and Child Development in Latin America

Applications for fall 2021 are now closed for this project.

Around one third of young children in Latin America co-reside with a grandparent. Unlike other regions, intergenerational cohabitation has remained common even with increasing economic prosperity. Grandparents may provide additional care for children with time or financial resources, yet they may also be a burden on parents if the grandparent needs support. These benefits or burdens of grandparent coresidence may be lesser or greater depending on the parental structure in the household. Single parents may benefit more than two-parent families from additional resources, for example. Understanding why grandparent coresidence occurs can help inform the mechanisms as to why there may be influences of grandparent coresidence on child development. My overall objective is to characterize the distinct trajectories of grandparent coresidence with young children, taking into account the parental family structure, and to measure associations between grandparent coresidence trajectories and child development outcomes. Using longitudinal data from four countries of over 10,000 children age three and under at baseline and ten and under at endline, I will examine the family characteristics predicting selection into of different grandparent trajectories (continuous, separation or none) within distinct to parent trajectories (two-parent continuous, one-parent continuous, and parental separation). I will also test if coresidence with grandparents is associated with cognitive or nutritional outcomes and if these associations differ across parental trajectories. This research is relevant for examining when and with what frequency grandparents provide care for children in order to best design social programs to support grandparent caregivers. Examining child outcomes helps prioritize the situations that require the most support.

Examine variables in data sets and indicate how they align across data sets.
Read questionnaires and statistical methods documents

Day-to-day supervisor for this project: Sarah Reynolds, Staff Researcher

Qualifications: Spanish reading required. Use of Excel for maintaining large spreadsheets. Knowledge of Stata or R a plus, but not required. 3-6 hours per week Consolidate descriptions of statistical methods

Weekly Hours: to be negotiated

Off-Campus Research Site: University Hall (can be remote)

Closed (2) Caregiver mental health, parenting practices, and early childhood development

Applications for fall 2021 are now closed for this project.

We are seeking an undergraduate research assistant to support a number of quantitative research with regards to caregiver mental health, parenting practices, and early childhood development.

URAP will assist in the literature review on the topic of (1) relationship among caregiver mental health problems, parenting practices, and early childhood development, and (2) the effectiveness of parenting interventions on caregiver mental health. Besides the literature review, we expect that RA will be able to take responsibility for the paper submission, including searching for potential journals, formatting papers corresponding to the requirements of the targeted journals, proofreading, and completing submissions. In addition, the ability of English editing will be preferred.

Day-to-day supervisor for this project: Qi Jiang, Graduate Student

Qualifications: Required Qualifications Self-starter, flexible, with the ability to work independently Ability to think analytically and problem-solve creatively Excellent attention to detail Ability to follow tasks through to completion and meet deadlines High working knowledge of common computer application programs, including Google Suite and Microsoft Office, and strong online research skills Preferred Qualifications Strong academic written skills, including proofreading and English editing skills Experience with literature review Experience with writing and/or submitting academic papers

Weekly Hours: 6-8 hrs

Off-Campus Research Site: On-line.

Closed (3) Impact evaluation of patient/pharmacy incentives for malaria care in Kenyan pharmacies

Applications for fall 2021 are now closed for this project.

In Kenya, over 70% of the population is at risk of malaria, with the areas around Lake Victoria and on the coast presenting the highest risk, and children under age 5 and pregnant women being most vulnerable to infection. Over half of malaria patients access treatment via pharmacies, which are often the preferred access point for primary care. Availability of malaria treatment in these sites is largely due to ACT subsidies via an initiative to provide manufacturer incentives to lower prices for patients to less than $1/treatment. This subsidy has had a large positive impact but has also led to high levels of overuse. High quality diagnostic tests for malaria are available, but most cases are not diagnosed prior to being treated. Given that pharmacies play a crucial role in providing access to malaria treatment in Kenya, it is essential that they provide appropriate diagnostic testing and low-cost, effective and appropriate medicines for treatment.

This project uses data from two sources: 1) health care product purchase data from pharmacies, and 2) survey data from pharmacy staff surveys and patient surveys.

Students working on this project will receive training in econometric and epidemiologic data analysis, use of administrative and survey data, and develop an understanding of clinical guidelines for infectious diseases.

Tasks:
- Clean and analyze data
- Produce data visualizations and reproducible tables and figures
- Review medical, epidemiological, and health economics literature related to malaria care, performance incentives, and subsidies for health care



Day-to-day supervisor for this project: Maria Deici, Ph.D. candidate

Qualifications: experience with statistical software required (R and Stata preferred, Python accepted, experience in SQL is a plus), desire to pursue graduate school in public health, economics, public policy or data science a plus.

Weekly Hours: to be negotiated

Off-Campus Research Site: Remote work can be considered

Closed (4) Determining patterns of service usage by women victims of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in Brazil

Applications for fall 2021 are now closed for this project.

Background: Every seven minutes a woman is a victim of domestic violence in Brazil. Research on intimate partner violence shows that victimization is not an isolated incident. Because of the repetition of abuse, it’s possible that some women seek assistance from multiple sectors over the course of their victimization. Other women may not feel safe reporting their experiences to the police and may solely visit medical centers. Yet it is unclear how Brazilian women use services from different sectors to address IPV. We propose to merge data at an individual level from both health and public safety sectors to better understand the typical trajectory of service use of female victims of violence. Our analysis of this data will inform policy regarding how to better integrate services across sectors to improve women’s exit from IPV. Additionally, this merged data can be used for future research projects to evaluate policy such as one-stop-shops serving women and the implementation of law requiring the health sector to inform the police of IPV.
Overall Objective: To characterize patterns of service use across the health sector and public safety sector among victims of intimate partner violence.
Specific Research Questions: Do victims turn first to the public safety sector or to the health sector? Do women use services across sectors, and if so, what is their pattern of use? Does women’s use of the health sector for injury treatment intensify or decrease after reporting IPV to the police? Do patterns of use differ between women who are murdered and women who are not? To whom do police and health service providers most often refer when referring across sectors? What are the barriers to referrals across sectors, as perceived by police & health providers?

The student will survey academic articles and technical reports to prepare a literature review on what is already known about patterns of service usage across different public sectors (police, health, social services). In addition to summarizing what is already known, the student will identify areas of knowledge gaps.
, Staff Researcher

Qualifications: Be able to read Spanish, Portuguese a plus. Experiencing doing literature reviews also a plus.

Weekly Hours: to be negotiated

Off-Campus Research Site: Remote work ok